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Tharcisse Mpunga, MD

Medical Director
Butaro Hospital

Current Research

  • Seeking to improve diagnosis and quality care for women in the Burera District of Rwanda, a remote and low resource community.

  • International efforts are ongoing to create infrastructure and train health care professionals to ensure that women receive quality breast cancer for early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

  • Access to standard of care is the first step in improving breast cancer outcomes in low-resource settings around the world. This project is an important step to achieving this goal.

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. Low-income and low-resource communities bearing a significant burden of deaths. Lack of screening and follow-up increase the chance that a woman will be diagnosed with advanced breast cancer and may not get quality treatment. Drs. Mpunga and Shulman are changing this statistic in rural area hospitals in Rwanda with emphasis on training and infrastructure to increase early detection and reduce time to treatment. With early successes reported, they are expanding these efforts to more sites.

Full Research Summary

Breast cancer is a major public health concern in low- and middle-income countries such as Rwanda, where women have a much higher risk of dying. This is due, in part, because of delayed diagnoses and late-stage diagnoses. Without the correct diagnosis, optimal treatment cannot be given, and the chance for a successful outcome is greatly diminished. In addition, the correct diagnosis must be made rapidly so that patients can begin treatment quickly. 

With continued funding from BCRF, Drs. Mpunga and Shulman have launched a pilot program to promote early detection of breast cancer in the remote Burera District of Rwanda. The team has now trained nearly 200 rural health center nurses in clinical breast exams and evaluation of breast concerns. In addition, they trained nearly 2000 community health workers (CHWs) in the basics of breast awareness and patient education, as well as seven district hospital clinicians in breast ultrasound. As a result of these efforts, there has been significant improvement in clinicians' knowledge and skills, as well as patient outcomes. Based on these successes, they are now scaling up the project to other districts in Rwanda to broaden its impact. 

In response to a request from Rwanda’s Ministry of Health, the international team will scale up the intervention to two other districts this year and two more next year. They will work to integrate the program into existing health services and ensure appropriate follow-up and referrals for patients. Few rigorous evaluations of breast cancer early detection programs exist in rural low-income settings, and this work will have significant impact for Rwanda and sub-Saharan Africa as a whole.


Tharcisse Mpunga, MD, MSc, has been the Medical Director of Butaro Hospital in Rwanda since 2009. He led the development of Butaro's acclaimed new hospital facility that opened in 2011, serving a predominantly poor, rural population of about 350,000 people in Northern Rwanda. In 2012 Dr. Mpunga oversaw the opening of Butaro Center of Excellence in Cancer Care, the first rural cancer referral center in Africa and the only cancer-focused facility in Rwanda. Dr. Mpunga also leads numerous research efforts at Butaro in partnership with the Ministry of Health, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Partners in Health, including implementation and evaluation of the center's unique telepathology program and a cohort study of breast cancer patients.

Large Researcher Headshot - Mpunga

BCRF Investigator Since


Donor Recognition

The Estée Lauder Companies’ North America Manufacturing & Distribution and Global Research & Development Award

Area(s) of Focus